Gate of Gilan

Building Type: State Gate
Location: Guilan- Iran
Status: Concept
Scale: Medium

Architects in charge: Nima Keivani – Sina Keivani
Client: Gilan Government

In the design of this building, the regional elements are observed. One of these elements is using sloped roofs as the main frame for the design, which is the general form of the traditional houses in the region; another element is pointing to the natural elements of the region. The Caspian Sea, forest, and winding roads are other symbols for this region, which are used in the design. The style of the curve used in the lower part and the blue color and the sea wave pattern alongside the single cypress tree used in design are indicators of Gilan region for anyone who enters these gates.

In the past, all cities had their own gate, which symbolized their identity. In recent century, we witnessed an architectural uniformity that caused cities lose their identity and look the same everywhere. This gate highlights the entrance to Gilan region and what makes it different is that this is the first entrance gate that is going to be built for a city in the past century. The modern style of this design and the smart application of architectural and natural elements of the region provides the observers the view of a modern structure that at the same time has a purely indigenous and traditional sense.

The design of this building was based on a view from whole to specific. The aim was creation of a gate that carries the identity of the region. To do so, first the traditional houses of the region became the criteria for the designing. One of the special features of the traditional houses in the region is compatibility with nature and their stability. Therefore, first the design for the general regular geometric form was inspired by gable roofs. Then the inside volume of the house interior was removed and the elements of nature such as sea, forest and winding roads were placed inside, which is as organic as the elements themselves. Also, the location of the tree, and the light shining on it, are all inspired by the culture of the region. In fact, it is a metaphor for those houses inside which there are nature and spirit of life. Resistant materials are used to design this building. The overall structure and surrounding volume is made of exposed concrete, and the curved part is made of concrete core, on which a pattern taken from ocean waves is decorated using traditional tiles of the region.

The gate is designed in a way that the viewer faces various forms from each different angles. Those who approach the entrance, get a sense of invitation and welcoming, and its curvy design and the way the tree is designed in it gives a sense of entering a green area. From another angle, you see a traditional house of the region being viewed in a winding road before arriving to the gate. Actually, when you move towards the gate, you see the changes of its form during various times. On the other hand, since the overall design is inspired by the architecture and nature of the region, there is a good interplay between the building and the nature around it.

Prior to begin the design, a complete research was carried out about the regional elements, which was based on the morphology of the traditional architecture of the region. Along with the research on traditional architecture, the cultural and natural indicators of the region were also studied. Traditional handicrafts, shapes and patterns used in them, main agricultural products, and even rituals and traditions of the region were studied. And finally a set of highly significant parameters was found as the main elements of the region.